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The Ambivalent PartisanHow Critical Loyalty Promotes Democracy$
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Howard G. Lavine, Christopher D. Johnston, and Marco R. Steenbergen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199772759

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772759.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2022

Partisan Ambivalence and Preference Formation

Partisan Ambivalence and Preference Formation

Experimental and Survey Evidence

(p.83) Chapter 4 Partisan Ambivalence and Preference Formation
The Ambivalent Partisan

Howard G. Lavine

Christopher D. Johnston

Marco R. Steenbergen

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 provides an initial test of the model utilizing both experimental and survey-based methods. Two studies are reported in which partisan ambivalence itself is experimentally manipulated through random assignment. This is the strongest test of the causal role of ambivalence on political judgment in the entire book. Results indicate that situationally-induced ambivalence reduces reflexive partisan cue-taking and increases attention to the actual content of public policy proposals. Following the experimental section, the chapter replicates this dynamic in the context of nationally representative survey panel data. The chapter shows that ambivalent partisans rely less on party, and more on material interests and core political values in forming preferences over public policy issues. The chapter concludes with an analysis of heterogeneity in the bases of ideological constraint. Here, the chapter shows that ambivalent partisans organize their economic policy preferences around the core value of limited government, whereas univalent partisans organize their preferences on the basis of partisan identity.

Keywords:   preference formation, political values, public policy, ideological constraint

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