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Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence$
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Ivar Lodemel and Amilcar Moreira

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199773589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021

Workfare with Welfare Revisited

Workfare with Welfare Revisited

Instigating Dual Tracks for Insiders and Outsiders

(p.47) 3 Workfare with Welfare Revisited
Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence

Jon Kvist

Ivan Harsløf

Oxford University Press

The chapter shows that, even in egalitarian Denmark, unemployed insiders are increasingly receiving better minimum income schemes than unemployed outsiders. Under the 2002–2011 liberal–conservative government the division was within social welfare, with “workfare with welfare” for the majority population and “workfare with less welfare” (de facto) for ethnic minority groups. “Make work pay” gained importance, especially for groups likely to be dominated by ethnic minorities, through a new low minimum income scheme, Start Help, and discriminatory rules in the ordinary social assistance scheme. The Social Democrat–Liberal coalition government, starting office in 2011, abolished Start Help and the discriminatory rules. However, this government upheld a halving of the maximum unemployment insurance benefit period, which resulted in more unemployed getting social assistance rather than unemployment insurance. In these ways the differential coverage for insiders and outsiders shifted from being based on ethnicity to being based on labor market attachment.

Keywords:   Denmark, activation, polarization, minimum income scheme, make work pay, social assistance, ethnic minorities

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