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Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence$
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Ivar Lodemel and Amilcar Moreira

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199773589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Activation for All

Activation for All

Welfare Reform in the United Kingdom, 1995–2009

Chapter:
(p.73) 4 Activation for All
Source:
Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence
Author(s):

Julia Griggs

Andrew Hammond

Robert Walker

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.003.0004

This chapter shows that activation of Jobseeker’s Allowance recipients in the United Kingdom evolved along three complementary lines. First, there was a strengthening of work-related conditions and expansion of work-related conditionality to previously “inactive” claimants. Parallel to this, there was a strengthening of financial incentives to recipients as a means to increase the fiscal appeal and viability of paid work. This “stick-and-carrot” approach was complemented by efforts - encapsulated in the introduction of the Flexible New Deal in 2009 - to strengthen the role of private providers and focusing on personalization of services. Recent events point to a new turn in policy, with the introduction of a Universal Credit, which replaces almost all benefits for working-age people and imposes limits on the benefits people can receive, and the Work Program, which introduces an obligation to participate in a mandatory work activity, which signifyes a step closer towards US-style workfare.

Keywords:   United Kingdom, activation, Jobseeker’s Allowance, Flexible New Deal, Work First, tax credits, personalization, New Labour

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