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Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence$
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Ivar Lodemel and Amilcar Moreira

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199773589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Activation for All

Activation for All

Welfare Reform in the United Kingdom, 1995–2009

(p.73) 4 Activation for All
Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence

Julia Griggs

Andrew Hammond

Robert Walker

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows that activation of Jobseeker’s Allowance recipients in the United Kingdom evolved along three complementary lines. First, there was a strengthening of work-related conditions and expansion of work-related conditionality to previously “inactive” claimants. Parallel to this, there was a strengthening of financial incentives to recipients as a means to increase the fiscal appeal and viability of paid work. This “stick-and-carrot” approach was complemented by efforts - encapsulated in the introduction of the Flexible New Deal in 2009 - to strengthen the role of private providers and focusing on personalization of services. Recent events point to a new turn in policy, with the introduction of a Universal Credit, which replaces almost all benefits for working-age people and imposes limits on the benefits people can receive, and the Work Program, which introduces an obligation to participate in a mandatory work activity, which signifyes a step closer towards US-style workfare.

Keywords:   United Kingdom, activation, Jobseeker’s Allowance, Flexible New Deal, Work First, tax credits, personalization, New Labour

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