Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ivar Lodemel and Amilcar Moreira

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199773589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 June 2021

Activation and Reform in the United States

Activation and Reform in the United States

What Time Has Told

Chapter:
(p.101) 5 Activation and Reform in the United States
Source:
Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence
Author(s):

Theresa Anderson

Katharine Kairys

Michael Wiseman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.003.0005

The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act promoted “work over welfare” and introduced work requirements for adult recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Since then, access to the safety net has contracted, inequities in Federal support have increased, real benefits have declined, and fiscal responsibility for social assistance has shifted from States to the Federal Government. Workfare now engages fewer than 7% of adult recipients. States’ strategy of shifting funding from income support to services reduced the capacity to respond to recession. The Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) now provides the de facto national minimum income. Welfare reform has not occurred, but efforts at benefit restriction have continued, often cast as essential to reducing the Federal deficit. Unlike elsewhere, the crisis has not had a major impact on activation policy. If anything, the previous trend of moving minimum income recipients to SNAP has only intensified.

Keywords:   work requirement, work participation rate, workfare, welfare access, activation, safety net, welfare reform, minimum income

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .