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Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence$
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Ivar Lodemel and Amilcar Moreira

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199773589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

From Gateway to Safety Net

From Gateway to Safety Net

The Dynamics of Activation Reforms in Portugal

(p.229) 9 From Gateway to Safety Net
Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence

Amílcar Moreira

Daniel Carolo

Rui Nicola

Oxford University Press

The chapter shows that reforms introduced between 2000 and 2008 in Portugal signify a gradual move from a “gateway to social insertion” approach – which had presided to the creation of the country’s original minimum income scheme (Rendimento Mínimo Guarantido) - toward a “safety-net” approach, in which the minimum income scheme is seen as a subsidiary form of protection to that provided by the market. A critical point in this process of change was the introduction of a new minimum income scheme (Rendimento Social de Inserção) in 2003. Finally, the chapter shows that the post-2010 drive to austerity led to a further consolidation of the safety-net approach, with access to benefits made ever more difficult. This resulted in a paradoxical situation where, in a period during which the unemployment rate almost doubled, the number of recipients dropped significantly.

Keywords:   Portugal, activation, social insertion, safety net, politics

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