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Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-Liberal Convergence

Ivar Lodemel and Amilcar Moreira


In last decade of the 20th century, in both the United States and Europe, there was a move toward the introduction/strengthening of activation requirements as an eligibility condition to minimum income (MI) benefits. Since then, a number of developments have taken place. Based on evidence from the United States, Norway, Denmark, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Portugal, and the Czech Republic, this book captures the direction and significance of these developments. The book makes two broad contributions to the literature. First, the book shows that the periof between 200 ... More

Keywords: activation, minimum income scheme, governance, reform, market, state, individualization, Europe, United States, comparative analysis

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780199773589
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773589.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ivar Lodemel, editor
Oslo University College

Amilcar Moreira, editor
Oslo University College

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1 Introduction

Amílcar Moreira and Ivar Lødemel

2 Norwegian Activation Reform on a Wave of Wider Welfare State Change

Erika Gubrium, Ivan Harsløf, and Ivar Lødemel

3 Workfare with Welfare Revisited

Jon Kvist and Ivan Harsløf

4 Activation for All

Julia Griggs, Andrew Hammond, and Robert Walker

5 Activation and Reform in the United States

Theresa Anderson, Katharine Kairys, and Michael Wiseman

6 From Legitimacy to Effectiveness

Henk Spies and Nico van de Vrie

7 Germany

Jochen Clasen and Alexander Goerne

8 Implementing a Myth

Daniel Clegg and Bruno Palier

9 From Gateway to Safety Net

Amílcar Moreira, Daniel Carolo, and Rui Nicola

11 Governing Activation in the 21st Century

Amílcar Moreira and Ivar Lødemel

12 Trajectories of Change

Ivar Lødemel and Erika Gubrium

End Matter