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Subsidies to Chinese IndustryState Capitalism, Business Strategy, and Trade Policy$
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Usha C.V. Haley and George T. Haley

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199773749

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773749.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

The Hidden Advantage of Chinese Subsidies

The Hidden Advantage of Chinese Subsidies

(p.1) Chapter 1 The Hidden Advantage of Chinese Subsidies
Subsidies to Chinese Industry

Usha C. V. Haley

George T. Haley

Oxford University Press

How did subsidies aid China in becoming so competitive in capital-intensive products for which it enjoyed no comparative advantage? Economic rationales cover subsidies for industrial development, technology development and strategic trade goals. The theories portray subsidies as distortive, redistributing and reallocating resources according to non-market criteria and resulting in economically inefficient resource allocations. Yet, rather than aberrations, in China, subsidies form important ways in which businesses, central and provincial governments produce, stabilize and create common understanding of markets. Flows of capital serve as mechanisms for Chinese state control of markets, but few industry studies exist of how they operate. The opacity and complexity of Chinese government borrowing also hinders accurate assessments. Concepts of state capitalism including market-transition theory, the multi-organizational Chinese state, and state as paramount shareholder form a prism for more complex and relevant understandings of Chinese subsidies.

Keywords:   theories of subsidies, economic rationales for subsidies, growth of Chinese subsidies, government borrowing, industrial development, sState control of markets, market-transition theory, multi-organizational Chinese state, state as shareholder, state capitalism

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