Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Rise of a Folk GodVitthal of Pandharpur$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ramchandra Chintaman Dhere

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199777594

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777594.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 October 2021

Puṇḍalīk and Puṇḍarīkeśvar

Puṇḍalīk and Puṇḍarīkeśvar

(p.139) 8 Puṇḍalīk and Puṇḍarīkeśvar
Rise of a Folk God

Ramchandra Chintaman Dhere

Oxford University Press

This chapter and the next take up the question of the historicity and meaning of Puṇḍalīk, the devotee on account of whom Kṛṣṇa is understood to have settled as Viṭṭhal in Pandharpur. Dhere argues that Puṇḍalīk was not a historical person, despite the fact that he is referred to in inscriptions as well as in literary texts. Rather, Puṇḍalīk was the presiding deity of Pandharpur. Although the story of Puṇḍalīk makes him a devotee of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa-Viṭṭhal, in Puṇḍalīk's temple at Pandharpur he is represented by a Śiva liṅga. Dhere cites textual evidence that the Puṇḍalīk who was in Pandharpur before Viṭṭhal arrived there was in fact Puṇḍarīkeś or Puṇḍarīkeśvar, a form of Śiva, represented by a liṅga. As Vaiṣṇava devotees gradually Vaiṣṇavized Viṭṭhal, making him into Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, “Puṇḍarīkeśvar” was shortened to “Puṇḍalīk” and Puṇḍalīk came to be identified with various Vaiṣṇava devotees of that name who appear in the Purāṇas.

Keywords:   historicity, meaning, Pandharpur, inscriptions, Pandharpur, literary texts

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .