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The Cognitive Neuroscience of MemoryAn Introduction$
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Howard Eichenbaum

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199778614

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.001.0001

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Amnesia: Learning about Memory from Memory Loss

Amnesia: Learning about Memory from Memory Loss

(p.85) 4 Amnesia: Learning about Memory from Memory Loss
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews evidence from studies of amnesia in humans. It provides a detailed overview of the case of H. M., to provide a closer perspective on the nature of his amnesia. H. M. was an epileptic for several years when, in an effort to alleviate his disorder, his medial temporal lobe area was removed. The surgery did indeed reduce the frequency of his seizures considerably — however, he had become severely amnesic. The chapter then explores the distinction between declarative and procedural memory, using several examples from the experimental literature on amnesia.

Keywords:   humans, amnesia, declarative memory, procedural memory, medial temporal lobe

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