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Out of the Mouths of BabesGirl Evangelists in the Flapper Era$
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Thomas A. Robinson and Lanette D. Ruff

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199790876

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790876.001.0001

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The Changing Face of American Religion

The Changing Face of American Religion

(p.23) Chapter 3 The Changing Face of American Religion
Out of the Mouths of Babes

Thomas A. Robinson

Lanette D. Ruff

Oxford University Press

American religion was largely Protestant until the late 1800s and early 1900s, and that Protestantism was familiar with forms of religious renewal and revivalism. But that changed as a result of urbanism and immigration. Protestantism was confronted by the secularism of the city and the Roman Catholicism of the newer immigrants. Protestantism, itself, split between Modernist and Fundamentalist camps, and Fundamentalism seemed to have suffered loses, particularly as it became identified as the most vocal opponent of evolutionary theory. The golden age of revivalism was largely over, and criticism of revivalists came for a variety of sources. But revivalism was rejuvenated by Pentecostalism, and in particular by Aimee Semple McPherson. It was within this new Pentecostal movement and largely under the influence of McPherson, woman revivalism extraordinaire, that the girl evangelist phenomenon found fertile soil.

Keywords:   American religion, Protestantism, Modernism and Fundamentalism, Urbanism, immigration, Aimee Semple McPherson, Pentecostalism

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