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The Theology of Jonathan Edwards$
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Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199791606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791606.001.0001

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The Angels in the Plan of Salvation

The Angels in the Plan of Salvation

(p.273) 18 The Angels in the Plan of Salvation
The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Michael J. McClymond

Gerald R. McDermott

Oxford University Press

Although not previously known as such, Edwards is a major interpreter of angels and demons in the Christian tradition, especially in relation to redemptive history. Functioning sometimes as spectators, the angels are also actively involved in human affairs. As part of Christ's body, they belong to the family of saints and benefit from a kind of metaphysical reconciliation of creatures with Creator through the Incarnation. In Edwards's account, the unfallen angels were not confirmed in grace until the time of Christ's Ascension—in terms of what is here called an “enthronement theology.” For Edwards, the angels were capable of growth in grace. Lucifer, the prince of angels, was a type of Christ, later replaced by Christ at the Ascension.

Keywords:   angels, demons, Satan, Lucifer, redemption, history, enthronement, reconciliation

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