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The Theology of Jonathan Edwards$
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Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199791606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791606.001.0001

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Justification and Sanctification

Justification and Sanctification

(p.389) 25 Justification and Sanctification
The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Michael J. McClymond

Gerald R. McDermott

Oxford University Press

Edwards departed from conceptions of justification that became hardened only after some time among some segments of the Reformation tradition. He was faithful to Luther and Calvin's rejection of merit and their emphasis on the forensic and external location of justification in Christ's alien righteousness. But he saw integral connections between justification and sanctification, and so enlarged the conception of justification—as had Luther, later Reformed scholastics, and Thomas Aquinas. Justification involves sanctification because they are different aspects of salvation, and the salvation of one believer is only one eternal act in God's mind. That one act is grounded in Christ's work outside the believer, but it cannot be disconnected from Christ's work within the believer.

Keywords:   Luther, Calvin, Reformation, justification, sanctification, Aquinas, forensic justification, Reformed tradition

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