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Child Protection SystemsInternational Trends and Orientations$
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Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, and Marit Skivenes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199793358

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793358.001.0001

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Combatting Child Abuse in Finland

Combatting Child Abuse in Finland

From Family to Child-centered Orientation

(p.112) 6 Combatting Child Abuse in Finland
Child Protection Systems

Tarja Pösö

Oxford University Press

Over a period of ten years or so, the Finnish child welfare system has moved from family centered policy and practice towards a more child centered orientation. Since 1995, the scope of child welfare has expanded and the number of children taken into in-home or out-of-home services has increased significantly. The Child Welfare Act, introduced in 2008, is an important landmark. The policy changes are seen as reflections of a strengthened emphasis on children’s rights, and, on the other hand, of a social investment in childhood and a more control-focused family and childhood ideology. The concepts of child abuse and neglect are widely defined; youth delinquency is still a part of the child welfare system which may be seen in the large numbers of teenagers in the child welfare system. This period of ten years has also been marked by changes in professional practices and in the administrative context of child welfare.

Keywords:   child-centered practices, expansion, child welfare system, children’s rights, social investment, moral turn

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