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Queer International Relations$
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Cynthia Weber

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199795857

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795857.001.0001

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The ‘Perverse Homosexual’ in International Relations

The ‘Perverse Homosexual’ in International Relations

The ‘Underdeveloped’ and the ‘Undevelopable’

(p.47) 3 The ‘Perverse Homosexual’ in International Relations
Queer International Relations

Cynthia Weber

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 traces how heteronormativities figure the ‘homosexual’ as perverse in domestic and international discourses of development and underdevelopment, arguing that figurations of the ‘underdeveloped’ and the ‘undevelopable’ are among articulations of the ‘perverse homosexual’ in these Western discourses of sovereign statecraft as sovereign mancraft. The chapter focuses on Neville Hoad’s discussion of how Sigmund Freud’s use of the temporal trope of degeneracy explicitly figures the ‘homosexual’ as ‘arrested’ both sexually and civilizationally. Extending this discussion to IR/comparative politics, this chapter argues that Gabriel Almond’s figuration of the ‘decadent homosexual’ as ‘undevelopable’ in his modernization and development theory supplements Freud’s arguments. Almond figures the ‘undevelopable’ as the ‘decadent homosexual’ through Talcott Parsons’s vision of the nuclear family as the engine of biological, social, and political reproduction and development. The chapter concludes by considering how these figurations of the ‘homosexual’ as ‘underdeveloped’ and ‘undevelopable’ ground various sexualized orders of international relations.

Keywords:   development, underdevelopment, Neville Hoad, Gabriel Almond, Talcott Parsons, the underdeveloped, the undevelopable, heteronormativity, queer methods

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