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Born Free and Equal?A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination$
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Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199796113

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796113.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2022

Racial Profiling

Racial Profiling

(p.272) { 11 } Racial Profiling
Born Free and Equal?

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

Oxford University Press

Chapter 11 considers the controversial issue of racial profiling. Suppose that being a member of a certain racial group is a useful proxy for, say, an above-average probability that one engages in drug smuggling on transatlantic flights. Is it permissible for customs officers to discriminate against members of this racial group, i.e. by being more inclined to stop and search travellers with this particular racial identity? Obviously, most find racial profiling morally objectionable and perhaps even noninstrumentally wrong. The chapter argues that racial profiling is a form of statistical discrimination; that, like other forms of statistical discrimination, racial discrimination is not moral wrong per se; but that it is often wrong, and for interesting reasons.

Keywords:   Racial profiling, statistical discrimination, G. A. Cohen, interpersonal test, unfairness, unequal treatment, social facts, noncomprehensive justification, Mathias Risse, Richard Zeckhauser

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