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Representing Red and Blue – How the Culture Wars Change the Way Citizens Speak and Politicians Listen - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Representing Red and Blue: How the Culture Wars Change the Way Citizens Speak and Politicians Listen

David C. Barker and Christopher Jan Carman


This book argues that to understand how representation works in the United States, we need understand the demand side of the representational relationship. Citizens, the book proposes, have a sense for the degree to which they instinctively like “leaders who lead” (trustees), on the one hand, or “public servants who listen” (delegates), on the other. Picking up cues about a potential representative's representation style during election campaigns, citizens “reward” politicians with electoral support when they recognize a similar representational perspective. This pattern continues after the el ... More

Keywords: political representation, style, trustee and delegate, evangelical Christians, party identification, voting, political culture, religion, opinion, values, authoritarianism, dogmatism, humanism, egalitarianism, democracy, political parties, red and blue America

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199796564
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796564.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

David C. Barker, author
University of Pittsburgh

Christopher Jan Carman, author
School of Government and Public Policy, University of Strathclyde