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Enlightened AidU.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia$
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Amanda Kay McVety

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199796915

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.001.0001

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The Development Decade

The Development Decade

(p.161) 6 The Development Decade
Enlightened Aid

Amanda Kay McVety

Oxford University Press

John F. Kennedy eagerly embraced the use of foreign aid as an instrument of foreign policy, reforming the existing Point Four model into the US Agency for International Development. Lyndon Johnson continued the tradition of rewarding allies with aid, but recognized that the United States needed to be more targeted in its application. Ethiopia made the cut in Johnson’s aid reforms and continued to receive large amounts of technical, economic, and military assistance throughout the 1960s. Haile Selassie’s stubborn resistance to meaningful political change, however, held the country back from the democratic change that the United States allegedly championed and paved the way for the 1974 revolution. Meanwhile, economists struggled to understand why two decades of foreign aid had not brought development to countries around the world. Aid was supposed to put itself out of business, but it had yet to do so.

Keywords:   John F. Kennedy, Walt W. Rostow, modernization theory, USAID, Lyndon B. Johnson

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