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The Responsibility to Protect$
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Jared Genser, Irwin Cotler, Desmond Tutu, and Vaclav Havel

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199797769

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797769.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 January 2021

Middle East

Middle East

(p.201) 10 Middle East
The Responsibility to Protect

Mohamed S. Helal

Oxford University Press

This chapter surveys the spectrum of positions adopted by Middle Eastern countries toward the responsibility to protect (RtoP) and offers an explanation for why these policies were espoused and how they developed as the RtoP advanced to the forefront of the international diplomatic agenda. The chapter is divided into three parts. Part I defines the Middle East and the territories that are considered within the region. It also highlights the salient historic, geographic, and political features of the region that influenced policies regarding the RtoP. Part II surveys the positions of the Middle Eastern countries as the international community debated the notion of intervention to prevent or halt gross violations of human rights. It charts the development of Middle Eastern positions as the global debate on the RtoP progressed and it also identifies the main factors that influenced the policies of regional players. Part III examines the applicability of the RtoP to the Occupied Palestinian Territories, which illustrates one among the leading issues currently affecting regional attitudes towards the RtoP. Part IV briefly analyzes the international response to the popular revolt against Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, and the question of the applicability of the RtoP to the Libyan case.

Keywords:   responsibility to protect, international community, intervention, human rights violations, Occupied Palestinian Territories, Libya, Muammar Gaddafi

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