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The Age of DualizationThe Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies$
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Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Hausermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199797899

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.001.0001

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Economic Dualization in Japan and South Korea

Economic Dualization in Japan and South Korea

(p.226) 10 Economic Dualization in Japan and South Korea
The Age of Dualization

Ito Peng

Oxford University Press

Labor market dualization is not unique to Europe, but rather a pervasive global phenomenon. Like some countries in Europe, Japan and South Korea have been gradually liberalizing their labor markets since the 1990s in response to increased global competition, economic crisis, and social and industrial structural changes. In both countries, significant changes have been made to employment and social welfare systems as state, employers, and labor negotiate to protect core workers while maintaining national economic competitiveness. These reforms have resulted in partial labor market flexibilization, increased economic dualization, and compensatory welfare state expansion. This chapter examines the political economy of labor market transformation in the two East Asian countries of Japan and South Korea and their implications for understanding the universal phenomenon of economic dualization in the 21st century.

Keywords:   japan, south korea, labor market, dualization, flexibilization, industrial relations, welfare state, employment system, globalization, europe

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