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The Age of DualizationThe Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies$
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Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Hausermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199797899

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2021

How Rich Countries Cope with Deindustrialization

How Rich Countries Cope with Deindustrialization

(p.304) 13 How Rich Countries Cope with Deindustrialization
The Age of Dualization

Patrick Emmenegger

Silja Häusermann

Bruno Palier

Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

Oxford University Press

This conclusive chapter reviews the comparative evidence accumulated throughout the book on the new, widening and deepening divides between insiders and outsiders. It answers two key questions: who are the outsiders? And what is driving dualization? Most importantly, the comparative evidence discussed in this chapter points to the crucial importance of political choice in shaping the social outcomes of deindustrialization. Hence, insider-outsider divides are not a straightforward consequence of deindustrialization, but rather the result of policy. Finally, the chapter speculates about the future development of dualized societies: are they on a road to ever more inequality and social exclusion, or can we expect new equilibria to last? It argues that several mechanisms - including institutional feedback, the occupational segmentation of labor markets and the weak political mobilization of outsiders – may stabilize the new inequalities brought about by dualization.

Keywords:   dualization, insider outsider divide, political choice, political mobilization, political representation, institutional feedback, comparative method

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