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The Age of DualizationThe Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies$
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Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Hausermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199797899

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

Shifting the Public-Private Mix

Shifting the Public-Private Mix

A New Dualization of Welfare?1

(p.151) 7 Shifting the Public-Private Mix
The Age of Dualization

Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

Adam Saunders

Marek Naczyk

Oxford University Press

Welfare dualism has always been a part of social protection arrangements in Liberal and Conservative welfare systems. Whereas Liberal welfare systems relied predominantly on means-tested policies for the poor and a combination of public and occupational welfare for the middle class, Conservative welfare systems provided social insurance benefits for workers and means-tested benefits for the poor. Although institutional welfare dualism was particularly evident in Liberal welfare systems, the proportion of social protection outsiders declined during the era of industrial welfare capitalism as more workers became entitled to occupational welfare. In Conservative welfare systems social insurance became more encompassing, making these systems nearly universal. With the onset of post-industrial welfare capitalism since the mid-1970s, however, the processes were reversed, leading to higher proportions of social protection outsiders within the workforce. These processes become fully evident only if we account for trends in both public and private social protection. Our analysis focuses on developments in France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Keywords:   welfare dualism, occupational welfare, private social policies, unemployment insurance, pensions, healthcare access, france, germany, united kingdom, united states

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