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The Conservative Human Rights RevolutionEuropean Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention$
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Marco Duranti

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199811380

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811380.001.0001

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(p.402) Conclusion
The Conservative Human Rights Revolution

Marco Duranti

Oxford University Press

The Conclusion considers the vices and virtues of the protagonists of this book, as well as the merits of the conservative human rights revolution as a whole. Conservatives correctly identified the propensity of postwar socialists to reject checks on majority rule in their attempts to centralize bureaucratic authority over economic and social affairs. In response, conservatives sought to forge a European human rights system that would replace majority rule with the rule of law, the unitary state with a more pluralistic system, the absolute sovereignty of nations and parliaments with greater autonomy for individuals, families, localities, minorities, and civil society. They were remarkably prescient in their conviction that the legitimacy of supranational institutions would depend on coupling technical expertise with an attention to the cultural and ethical bases of European unity. All the same, the good that the conservative human rights revolution did cannot be readily disentangled from the ill.

Keywords:   conservatism, ECHR, European Convention on Human Rights, European identity, European integration, fascism, human rights, international law, internationalism, memory

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