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The Conservative Human Rights RevolutionEuropean Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention$
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Marco Duranti

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199811380

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811380.001.0001

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Churchill, Human Rights, and the European Project

Churchill, Human Rights, and the European Project

(p.96) 3 Churchill, Human Rights, and the European Project
The Conservative Human Rights Revolution

Marco Duranti

Oxford University Press

This chapter revisits Winston Churchill’s efforts on behalf of European unity in light of his human rights politics and views on international law. It traces the cultural, intellectual, and political origins of his Europeanism across the first decades of the twentieth century. Churchill’s understanding of Europe as a Christian ethical community of peoples was derivative of his prior Atlanticism, imperialism, and romantic sensibility. So, too, did the Nuremberg trials and Cold War shape his Europeanism, as well as catalyze his support for the adoption of a European human rights treaty. Particular attention is devoted to Churchill’s involvement in the Congress of Europe at The Hague in May 1948.

Keywords:   Britain, conservatism, European identity, European integration, ECHR, European Convention on Human Rights, human rights, imperialism, internationalism, Winston Churchill

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