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The Conservative Human Rights RevolutionEuropean Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention$
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Marco Duranti

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199811380

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811380.001.0001

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Neomedieval Human Rights in the Shadow of Vichy

Neomedieval Human Rights in the Shadow of Vichy

(p.255) 6 Neomedieval Human Rights in the Shadow of Vichy
The Conservative Human Rights Revolution

Marco Duranti

Oxford University Press

This chapter locates the origins of the European Court of Human Rights in the neomedieval social doctrines espoused by conservative Catholics in mid-twentieth-century France. The individuals most responsible for persuading the postwar European unity movements to endorse a scheme for the creation of a supranational human rights court were affiliated with a collective of right-wing French intellectuals known as La Fédération. Among them were Louis Salleron, a leading theorist of corporatism who had served in the Vichy regime, and Alexandre Marc, one of the founders of the philosophy known as personalism. Another motive for right-wing support for such a judicial body was the possibility that individuals imprisoned for political crimes at the end of the Second World War might be released or retried on the grounds that their basic liberties had been violated.

Keywords:   Catholicism, communitarianism, conservatism, ECHR, European Convention on Human Rights, France, Holocaust memory, human rights, personalism, Vichy

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