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Religion and Human SecurityA Global Perspective$
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James K. Wellman and Clark Lombardi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199827732

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827732.001.0001

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Indian Muslim Leadership: Predicaments and Possibilities for Human Security

Indian Muslim Leadership: Predicaments and Possibilities for Human Security

(p.113) 7 Indian Muslim Leadership: Predicaments and Possibilities for Human Security
Religion and Human Security

Rowena Robinson

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the relationship between the Indian state, Muslim nonstate actors, and the inherent relationship between religion, secularity, and human security. It focuses on Muslim activists and secular leaders in western India, particularly on Mumbai and Gujarat where, in recent decades, targeted attacks on Muslims have occurred. In fact, in both these cases, the state has been indicted for its complicity in the violence. These events and their aftermaths provide a window through which we can observe nonstate Muslim activists directly contesting with the state for the sake of increased human security. Human security includes the provision of welfare, human rights, and a socially subjective view of human autonomy. Because of a large Muslim population, the Indian state cannot limit its jurisdiction to the protection of property. It must also include the defense of Muslim rights as well as the recognition of Muslims' social and subjective desires for self-expression and autonomy.

Keywords:   Muslims, nonstate actors, Indian State, religion, secularity, human security, Mumbai, Gujarat

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