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The Impact of Gender Quotas$
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Susan Franceschet, Mona Lena Krook, and Jennifer M. Piscopo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199830091

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.001.0001

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Gender and Political Backgrounds in Argentina

Gender and Political Backgrounds in Argentina

(p.43) 3 Gender and Political Backgrounds in Argentina
The Impact of Gender Quotas

Susan Franceschet

Jennifer M. Piscopo

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on legislators’ backgrounds, exploring whether legislative quotas in Argentina lead to the nomination of unrepresentative or unqualified female parliamentarians. Susan Franceschet and Jennifer M. Piscopo compare male and female legislators’ demographic data, including age, marital status, and number of children; their education and professional backgrounds; and their extent and type of political experience prior to holding office. While all female legislators are “quota women,” differences between men and women in the Argentine parliament show that quotas have not eliminated gendered political career patterns. As compared to men, the women are similar in age, less likely to be married, and tend to have fewer children; are equally highly educated, but with distinct educational and professional backgrounds; and much less likely to have held executive-level office previously. These differences do not reveal an innate inferiority of female politicians, but rather reveal that quotas enhance the overall diversity of legislators.

Keywords:   gender quotas, legislative quota, political recruitment, political backgrounds, candidate qualifications, political careers, Argentina

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