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The Biology of Homosexuality$
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Jacques Balthazart

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199838820

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 April 2021

Gender Differences in Humans

Gender Differences in Humans

5 Gender Differences in Humans
The Biology of Homosexuality

Jacques Balthazart

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the different physical, functional, and behavioral characteristics that have been shown to be sexually differentiated in humans. The magnitude of these differences is highly variable. At the behavioral level in particular, the size of differences in statistical terms is small. It is in the sexual area that the largest differences between genders are observed. Sexual orientation and sexual identity are without a doubt the most sexually differentiated characteristics in humans. In the majority of the population (over 90%) there is indeed usually no overlap between the sexual orientation of men and women. Homosexuality in this context represents the absence of difference between sexes for “sexual orientation.”.

Keywords:   sex differences, human sexuality, sexual behavior, sexual orientation, homosexuality

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