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The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters$
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Debarati Guha-Sapir and Indhira Santos

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199841936

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841936.001.0001

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Natural Disasters in Vietnam

Natural Disasters in Vietnam

A Synthesis From A Socioeconomic Perspective

(p.179) 8 Natural Disasters in Vietnam
The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters

Tran Huu Tuan

Bui Dung The

Oxford University Press

Lying in the tropical monsoon area of the North West Pacific, Vietnam is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. It is affected by many kinds of natural disasters such as floods, storms, whirlwinds, flash floods, coastline erosion, droughts and landslides. This chapter aims to reach a better understanding of disasters in Vietnam through a review of relevant case studies, policies, plans and strategies. The focus is on the socio-economic aspects of disastersusing documentary research methods. The study finds that disasters in Vietnam cause grave impacts to economic sectors, increase poverty, adversely impactindividual households and the community as large, cause environmental degradation, and induce serious health problems. The review of disaster prevention, response and mitigation measures in Vietnam points to the importance of public education and community awareness about disasters and of enforcement of legislation and policies on disasters.

Keywords:   Natural disasters, socioeconomic impacts, Vietnam

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