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Women in WarThe Micro-processes of Mobilization in El Salvador$
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Jocelyn Viterna

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199843633

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843633.001.0001

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Joining the Guerrillas

Joining the Guerrillas

(p.82) 5 Joining the Guerrillas
Women in War

Jocelyn Viterna

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the other side of mobilization—which recruited individuals adopted the identity of “guerrilla,” and why? Women’s mobilization experiences varied according to the identities they held, the networks in which they were embedded, and the specific historical moment of their recruitment. These patterned variations resulted in three separate mobilization paths for women guerrillas, labelled “politicized,” “reluctant,” and “recruited.” Although distinct, each path was undergirded by one common, powerful narrative: that of the FMLN as a righteous organization. Again, gender norms were central to the success of this narrative, and focused on young women’s concerns about escaping rape in war torn El Salvador.

Keywords:   Narrative, Identity, Rape, Networks, Mobilization, Gender, Women, Guerrillas, FMLN, El Salvador

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