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Christ among the MessiahsChrist Language in Paul and Messiah Language in Ancient Judaism$
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Matthew V. Novenson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199844579

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844579.001.0001

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Christ Phrases in Paul

Christ Phrases in Paul

(p.98) 4 Christ Phrases in Paul
Christ among the Messiahs

Matthew V. Novenson

Oxford University Press

This chapter treats ten set phrases that have been taken as evidence that Paul either did or did not use “Christ” according to its conventional sense. These phrases are: the double forms “Jesus Christ” and “Christ Jesus,” use as an appellative, use as a predicate nominative, genitive modifiers, the presence or absence of the definite article, use as the subject of a sentence, use of “Jesus” or “Christ” or “Lord” in different contexts, and the phrases “in Christ,” “people of Christ,” and “faith of Christ” (pistis christou). The chapter concludes, contrary to much previous research, that none of these set phrases proves either that “Christ” in Paul means “messiah” or that it does not. That question cannot be settled at the level of formal grammar but only at the level of discourse.

Keywords:   definite article, faith of christ, grammar, in christ, pistis christou, predicate

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