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How Women Represent WomenPolitical Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures$
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Tracy L. Osborn

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199845347

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.001.0001

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How Parties Affect Gender and Representation

How Parties Affect Gender and Representation

(p.21) Chapter 2 How Parties Affect Gender and Representation
How Women Represent Women

Tracy L. Osborn

Oxford University Press

This chapter develops the logic behind the two avenues through which parties shape women’s policy efforts. First, women legislators’ party identification structures the alternatives that they support to address women’s policy issues in the legislature. Second, institutional partisanship, or majority party strength and control of the legislative chamber, creates a structure through which partisan women legislators pursue their alternatives to women’s issues policies. This chapter explains how previous research on women in legislatures makes it difficult to assess these party effects. It also demonstrates how the effects of party identity and institutional partisanship interact to shape how women create and pursue women’s issues legislation.

Keywords:   women’s issues, legislative parties, party identification, agenda setting, women legislators

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