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How Women Represent WomenPolitical Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures$
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Tracy L. Osborn

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199845347

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.001.0001

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Examining Party Identity and Institutional Partisanship

Examining Party Identity and Institutional Partisanship

(p.52) Chapter 3 Examining Party Identity and Institutional Partisanship
How Women Represent Women

Tracy L. Osborn

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 describes the comparative design and data used in this book to test these two party effects. The first data source, the National Political Awareness Test (NPAT) from Project Vote Smart, measures state legislative candidates’ issue positions in the 1998 election on a number of women’s policy issues. The second source, an original data set containing every bill introduced in the 1999-2000 legislative sessions of ten lower state houses (Arkansas, California, Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin), tests the proclivity of women legislators to sponsor different types of women’s issues bills. The third source is another original data set containing all competitive roll call votes taken in 95 state legislative chambers in the 1999-2000 sessions and a subsample of all women’s issues votes in 23 state chambers. The variation across the state legislative chambers also provides different institutional partisan conditions, such as strong and weak legislative parties and Democratic and Republican majority control.

Keywords:   issue positions, bill sponsorship, roll call voting, state legislatures

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