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How Women Represent WomenPolitical Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures$
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Tracy L. Osborn

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199845347

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.001.0001

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Party Identity and Issue Preferences in the 1998 Election

Party Identity and Issue Preferences in the 1998 Election

(p.69) Chapter 4 Party Identity and Issue Preferences in the 1998 Election
How Women Represent Women

Tracy L. Osborn

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 offers the first of three empirical tests of party effects, particularly party identity. It examines state legislators’ policy preferences in 42 states in the 1998 election period (before the 1999-2000 legislative session) to determine the extent to which party identity underlies women state legislative candidates’ policy preferences on women’s issues. From these issue positions in the election, it is clear that Democratic and Republican women hold partisan positions on most issues in the election, including women’s issues. Even though significant gender differences exist for women of both parties on several issue items, partisan women hold positions more similar to the men in their own party than the women in the other party, even on issues directly related to women. Empirically, this chapter demonstrates that women legislators’ party identity significantly divides their issue preferences in the election, before they enter the institutional partisanship of the legislative environment.

Keywords:   1998 state legislative election, women’s issues, women candidates, republican women, democratic women

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