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How Women Represent WomenPolitical Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures$
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Tracy L. Osborn

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199845347

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.001.0001

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Conclusion

Conclusion

Chapter:
(p.148) Chapter 7 Conclusion
Source:
How Women Represent Women
Author(s):

Tracy L. Osborn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.003.0007

Chapter 7 summarizes the conclusions from this book about how parties affect women’s representation. The research in this book demonstrates that both party effects – party identity and institutional partisanship – fundamentally shape how women represent women. Party identity separates women candidates’ issue positions in the election and the solutions to women’s issues policy problems they offer in legislative agenda setting. Institutional partisanship via majority party control shapes the alternatives to women’s issues offered by women legislators into a legislative agenda. Votes on this agenda are largely partisan or near unanimous; it is quite rare to see women legislators cross party lines to support the same women’s issues bill with their roll call votes. In all, party identity separates women legislators’ preferences and proposals on women’s issues, and institutional partisanship provides the legislative structure through which partisan women pursue these proposals. Thus, for women legislators, representing women is an inherently partisan endeavour.

Keywords:   party identity, institutional partisanship, women’s issues, representation, women legislators

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