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Fairness in PracticeA Social Contract for a Global Economy$
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Aaron James

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199846153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.001.0001

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Exploitation, Degradation, and Other Moral Concerns

Exploitation, Degradation, and Other Moral Concerns

(p.305) Chapter Ten Exploitation, Degradation, and Other Moral Concerns
Fairness in Practice

Aaron James

Oxford University Press

This chapter accounts for the significance of “external” moral issues, with special concern for labor exploitation and environmental degradation. Standard economic arguments for “sweatshops” do not take the charge of exploitation seriously. The charge can in principle be answered, but not without significant international and transnational efforts to advance prospects for developing country workers. Concerns of environmental degradation potentially pose a more fundamental problem to the very existence of a global economy. It is suggested that its socioeconomic benefits, especially to poor people, are sufficiently important to preserve its basic legitimacy.

Keywords:   Labor exploitation, “sweatshops,” labor standards, ethical consumerism, corporate responsibility, environmental degradation, conservation, preservation, protectionism, moral values

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