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Domestic Tensions, National AnxietiesGlobal Perspectives on Marriage, Crisis, and Nation$
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Kristin Celello and Hanan Kholoussy

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199856749

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856749.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2021

Marriage, Manumission, and Morality in Turn- of-the-Century Rio de Janeiro

Marriage, Manumission, and Morality in Turn- of-the-Century Rio de Janeiro

(p.37) 2 Marriage, Manumission, and Morality in Turn- of-the-Century Rio de Janeiro
Domestic Tensions, National Anxieties

Erica M. Windler

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how and why Brazilian political and cultural elites on the eve of the twentieth century expressed deep concerns about the value that their fellow citizens placed on marriage and morality. These anxieties played a pivotal role in their assessment of the country’s domestic and international status during a time of unprecedented growth and change. The chapter explores the ways in which government officials, social science experts, journalists, and novelists (most notably Aluiso Azevedo in his novel The Slum) championed certain marital and familial norms in Brazil, following the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the establishment of republican governance one year later. Aware that low marriage rates and a high occurrence of illegitimacy made Brazil look “uncivilized” to the outside world, the state sought to correct these problems. The marital choices and familial practices of everyday Brazilians became a significant factor in their country’s path of modernization.

Keywords:   modernization, abolition, morality, Aluiso Azevedo, The Slum, illegitimacy, Brazil

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