1948 to 1967
1948 to 1967
From Defensive War to Preemptive War
The War of Independence was considered by virtually all Jews everywhere as a war of defence against Arab armies and irregulars who attempted to destroy the nascent Jewish state. Its success after the horrors of the Holocaust spawned an upsurge in messianic expectations that soon subsided under the pressure of building a state apparatus where none had existed previously. Much of the ideological fervour that drove the revolutionary movement of Zionism subsided in the face of the need for institution building and the absorption of masses of Jewish refugees from the Holocaust and Muslim lands in the Middle East and North Africa. The old ethos of avoiding war at all costs broke down during this period as well as punitive and pre-emptive military acts were carried out by Israeli forces against Arab militaries and civilian populations. Under the auspices of the military rabbinate, the Orthodox Jewish community begins to consider the sanctity of various portions of the traditional Land of Israel.
Keywords: Israel Defence Forces (IDF), kibbutz galuyot (ingathering of exiles), Reshit Tzemichat Ge’ulateynu – The Beginning of the Flowering of Our Redemption, Qibya, Fedayeen, Rabbi Sha’ul Yisraeli, 1956 Suez War, Rabbi Shlomo Goren
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