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Counting the PoorNew Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States$
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Douglas J. Besharov and Kenneth A. Couch

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199860586

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 October 2021

Social Assistance Schemes in Developing Countries

Social Assistance Schemes in Developing Countries

(p.211) 10 Social Assistance Schemes in Developing Countries
Counting the Poor

Margaret Grosh

Carlo del Ninno

Emil Tesliuc

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the most prevalent types of social assistance programs found in developing countries. There they provide a vision of effective safety nets that focus on seven characteristics: They should be equitable, adequate, cost-effective, incentive compatible, sustainable, dynamic, and fit appropriately to the country context. The chapter focuses on targeting and benefit level. If a program goes wrong on these, then it is unlikely to be effective in reducing poverty and the other traits will have lesser importance. The first section of this chapter provides a brief overview of patterns of social assistance expenditures. The second section is on targeting, starting with a brief introduction of the available methods, then taking a more detailed look at the variety of social assistance programs in developing countries and discussing the types of targeting methods used, finally concluding with a brief synopsis of outcomes. The third section looks at benefit levels, reviewing theory and practice.

Keywords:   benefit level, developing countries, poverty reduction, targeting, social assistance programs

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