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The History and Future of BioethicsA Sociological View$
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John H. Evans

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199860852

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.001.0001

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The Theological Retreat and the Emergence of the Bioethics Profession

The Theological Retreat and the Emergence of the Bioethics Profession

Chapter:
(p.33) Chapter 2 The Theological Retreat and the Emergence of the Bioethics Profession
Source:
The History and Future of Bioethics
Author(s):

John H. Evans

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0003

Theologians and their allies raised the interest of the public, and eventually Congress, on these issues. Congress created two venues of decision-making, research bioethics and public policy bioethics, and some entrepreneurial professionals created an ethical system for use in these venues. This ethical system is called common morality, and its methods include the use of consensus among diverse professionals as well as what came to be known as common morality principlism. This became dominant in bioethical debate because it fit with the needs of its consumers in the bureaucratic state. The bioethics profession, armed with these methods, won jurisdiction from the theologians in these two venues, as well as in health care ethics consultation.

Keywords:   bioethics, professions, theology, public debate, public policy bioethics, health care ethics consultation, research bioethics, research bioethics, government ethics commissions

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