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Roman PalmyraIdentity, Community, and State Formation$
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Andrew M. Smith II

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199861101

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861101.001.0001

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Mapping Social Identities

Mapping Social Identities

(p.83) 4 Mapping Social Identities
Roman Palmyra

Andrew M. Smith II

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes the epigraphy for evidence of social diversity within Palmyra and examines the extent to which Greek and Roman customs (juxtaposed with Parthian) influenced Palmyrene social development. It outlines the various categories of social organization and involvement in the life of the community, beginning with the Palmyrene family, and moving on to the roles of women, slaves, freedmen, and freedwomen, occupational groups, and, finally, ending with an analysis of voluntary associations and the prevalence of ritual dining. It also considers the nature of the power relations, specifically patronage and friendship, that governed personal and group interactions within the Palmyrene community.

Keywords:   social diversity, palmyrene social development, customs, social organization, family, voluntary associations, ritual dining, power relations, patronage, friendship

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