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We Are an African People – Independent Education, Black Power, and the Radical Imagination - Oxford Scholarship Online
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We Are an African People: Independent Education, Black Power, and the Radical Imagination

Russell Rickford


In the late 1960s and 1970s, scores of black nationalist and Pan Africanist private schools, from preschools to postsecondary institutions, appeared in urban centers across the United States. Such institutions constituted a vibrant if overlooked submovement of Black Power. Founded by civil rights veterans who believed that forming parallel institutions in inner cities was an essential strategy for achieving black self-determination, “Pan African nationalist” schools were part of a quest to revolutionize African-American life and to fashion a new peoplehood through a transformation of conscious ... More

Keywords: Black Power, Pan Africanism, black nationalism, independent black institutions, alternative education, Afrocentrism, Afrocentric education, black radical tradition, post–civil rights era, independent education

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780199861477
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861477.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Russell Rickford, author
Assistant Professor of History, Cornell University