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We Are an African PeopleIndependent Education, Black Power, and the Radical Imagination$
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Russell Rickford

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199861477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861477.001.0001

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The Black University and the “Total Community”

The Black University and the “Total Community”

(p.168) 6 The Black University and the “Total Community”
We Are an African People

Russell Rickford

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the ideal of the “Black University,” a crucial theoretical framework for the politics of institution building in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The Black University, a concept of adult education capable of serving the needs of “the total black community,” helped inspire several postsecondary Pan African nationalist establishments, including North Carolina’s Malcolm X Liberation University (MXLU). The chapter describes the formation and evolution of MXLU under its director, Owusu Sadaukai (Howard Fuller). It demonstrates how ideological evolution helped reshape MXLU while inspiring the creation of African Liberation Day, an annual series of demonstrations designed to raise awareness of and support for ongoing liberation movements on the African continent. Other Pan African nationalist formations, including Washington, DC’s Center for Black Education and East Palo Alto’s Nairobi College, are also discussed, as is the struggle to transform “Negro” colleges like Howard University into truly “black” institutions.

Keywords:   Black University, Owusu Sadaukai, Howard Fuller, Malcolm X Liberation University, Jimmy Garrett, Center for Black Education, Nairobi College, Howard University, African Liberation Day, Bob Hoover

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