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Categories of BeingEssays on Metaphysics and Logic$
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Leila Haaparanta and Heikki Koskinen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199890576

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 May 2021

Charles S. Peirce

Charles S. Peirce

Pragmatism, Logic, and Metaphysics

(p.191) 9 Charles S. Peirce
Categories of Being

Torjus Midtgarden

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers Charles S. Peirce's architectonic plan for constructing philosophical systems and how it bears on his view of the relation between logic and metaphysics. The chapter asks whether Peirce can be said to belong to the modeltheoretical tradition, as Jaakko Hintikka has proposed, rather than to the tradition viewing logical language as a universal medium. Several facts seem to contradict a positive answer: firstly, Peirce developed sign typological distinctions assumed to be valid across natural languages and across the distinction between natural and formal languages. Secondly, the mature Peirce assumed a universal domain of objects to which all propositions refer. The author investigates how Peirce's architectonic plan establishes a unilateral dependence of metaphysics on logic. The chapter considers Peirce's semiotical analysis and how it motivates an ontological theory of facts. The chapter shows that the distinction discussed is not well suited to capture Peirce's understanding of the relation between logic and metaphysics.

Keywords:   Charles Peirce, propositions, universal domain of objects, facts, typological distinctions, logic, metaphysics, architectonics

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