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LeibnizProtestant Theologian$
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Irena Backus

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199891849

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891849.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 September 2021

Negotiations with the Reformed and the Problem of Real Presence

Negotiations with the Reformed and the Problem of Real Presence

(p.29) 2 Negotiations with the Reformed and the Problem of Real Presence

Irena Backus

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 shows that during negotiations with the Brandenburg Reformed Leibniz took as point of departure his own anti-Cartesian position on substance not as that which has extension but as that which exercises active and passive force. He assimilated to this position Calvin’s doctrine of real spiritual presence. Apparently, he wanted at this stage to drop the terms of consubstantiation as well as transubstantiation and to put forward a doctrine more allied to consubstantiation than anything else. The crucial notion here was that of perception by the faithful of Christ’s body, by believing with the Reformed that the divine Son exercised his primitive force without the mediation of a body. This was theologically not acceptable to the Reformed as it meant forsaking the heritage of the Reformation. Leibniz’s philosophical solution was not suited to theological opinions of the time any more than the analogous solution that he put forward to the Catholics.

Keywords:   Real presence, Descartes, Calvin, body

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