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LeibnizProtestant Theologian$
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Irena Backus

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199891849

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891849.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 September 2021

History, Apocalyptic Prophecy, Early Heresies

History, Apocalyptic Prophecy, Early Heresies

Leibniz, Newton, Grotius

(p.179) 7 History, Apocalyptic Prophecy, Early Heresies

Irena Backus

Oxford University Press

Chapter 7 reiterates that Leibniz thought all civil and sacred history a revelation of God’s will. It also shows that, while advocating a rigorous scrutiny of sources, Leibniz did not always practice what he preached, hence his misidentification of the “semi-Pelagian” heresy. His view of sacred and civil history served to bear out his fundamental conviction that God actualized this world as the best possible. This is why Leibniz disputed Grotius’s prophetic interpretation of the final three chapters of the Apocalypse and why he considered that heresy, while a real entity, should not be the object of persecution on the part of civil authorities as it was a part of the best possible world.

Keywords:   Semi-Pelagianism, prophecy, Apocalypse, heresy, Newton, Grotius

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