Racial and Other
If one adopts an account of oppression according to which bad intentions, or hatred on the part of the oppressor is not necessary—if, in fact, no mental state on the part of the privileged group is necessary because oppression is structural—then it is unclear how to distinguish forms of oppression that are coextensive, or nearly so, such as race and class (in the contemporary United States). What distinguishes racial oppression from class oppression if they occur together? This chapter argues, drawing on Dorothy Roberts' work on child protective services in Chicago, that there are causal and historical factors that distinguish the structures that target race and the structures that target class. So, roughly, a structure racially oppresses in a context only if one's race non-accidentally correlates with a systematic disadvantage in that context.
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