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Resisting RealitySocial Construction and Social Critique$
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Sally Haslanger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199892631

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.001.0001

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Ideology, Generics, and Common Ground

Ideology, Generics, and Common Ground

(p.446) 17 Ideology, Generics, and Common Ground
Resisting Reality

Sally Haslanger

Oxford University Press

Drawing on recent work by Sarah-Jane Leslie and others, this chapter considers how generics such as “Women are submissive” and “Blacks are violent” might implicate false claims about the nature of women and Blacks. Once these implicatures are accepted into the common ground, they become part of the ideology that sustains racist and sexist social structures. One form of critique, then, will be to take aim at such implicatures and block them through meta-linguistic negation and other linguistic and non-linguistic interventions.

Keywords:   race, gender, common ground, pragmatics, generics, Sarah-Jane Leslie, essence, essentialism, implicature, metalinguistic negation, schemas, resources, ideology, social structure, fashion, vegetarianism

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