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Fighting to the EndThe Pakistan Army's Way of War$
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C. Christine Fair

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199892709

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892709.001.0001

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Born an Insecure State

Born an Insecure State

(p.40) Chapter 3 Born an Insecure State
Fighting to the End

C. Christine Fair

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the impacts that the partition of British India had on the army’s strategic culture. It offers a brief account of Pakistan’s independence movement, the two-nation theory, and the concomitant mobilization of communal politics as well as the ultimate partition of the subcontinent generally and the army in particular. Partition bequeathed the enduring security competition over Kashmir and also left indelible marks on the Pakistan army’s perception of and intentions of its nemesis, India. The Pakistan movement, rooted in the arguments of the two-nation theory, mobilized communal conceptions of the religious Other that have left their imprint on the Pakistan army. The Pakistan army believes its duty is to protect the ideology of Pakistan: Islam and the two-nation theory. In some sense the religious ideology that the army embraced was a product of the process of partition.

Keywords:   partition of British India, two-nation theory, Pakistan movement

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