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Fighting to the EndThe Pakistan Army's Way of War$
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C. Christine Fair

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199892709

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892709.001.0001

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The Army’s Defense of Pakistan’s “Ideological Frontiers”

The Army’s Defense of Pakistan’s “Ideological Frontiers”

(p.66) Chapter 4 The Army’s Defense of Pakistan’s “Ideological Frontiers”
Fighting to the End

C. Christine Fair

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the various roles of Islam and Islamization in the Pakistan army, particularly the country’s founding concept, the two-nation theory. This conception locks India and Pakistan into a civilizational struggle: Pakistan must defend Islam and the two-nation theory against what many Pakistanis believe to be an India dedicated to undermining it and thus the very legitimacy of the Pakistani state. These intertwined subjects of Islam, Islamism, and the two-nation theory conjure considerable alarm in and beyond Pakistan. Given Pakistan’s track record on nuclear proliferation and support for Islamist militants, analysts fear that Islamist militants could acquire nuclear weapons from the army. Here, the chapter describes the history of Islam in the Pakistan army and the various ways the army utilizes Islam for corporate and national goals.

Keywords:   Islamization, Pakistan army, two-nation theory

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