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Modernism and the New SpainBritain, Cosmopolitan Europe, and Literary History$
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Gayle Rogers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199914975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914975.001.0001

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. An Anglo-Spanish Vanguard

. An Anglo-Spanish Vanguard

The Criterion, the Revista de Occidente, and the Periodical Project of the New Europe

(p.29) 1. An Anglo-Spanish Vanguard
Modernism and the New Spain

Gayle Rogers

Oxford University Press

Chapter One details the collaborations between these two reviews that eventually led to their joining a pan-European writing contest in 1929 within a network of modernist periodicals. The story of how Eliot’s and Ortega’s reviews came to align with one another originates in both editors’ desire to unite an elite international vanguard of disinterested writers and thinkers. I analyze the ways in which the Criterion and the Revista de Occidente promoted often unpopular Europeanizing cultural politics in England and in Spain, and did so in part by crafting their critical voices around one another and around the writers and histories of the other’s nation. Largely outside of the expertise of either editor, these Anglo-Spanish journalistic relations were created by the translators and correspondents they employed, especially Antonio Marichalar and E. R. Curtius. The cosmopolitan attachments to Spanish literature and culture in the Criterion and to British modernism in the Revista de Occidente proved key to both reviews as they authorized their own marginal continental visions and combated fatalistic arguments about Europe and the West. In fact, against the history of Spain’s characterization by northern Europe—Kant in particular—the new cultural expressions of Spain’s “Moorish” blood were actually invoked in defense of these redefinitions of Europe.

Keywords:   José Ortega y Gasset, T. S. Eliot, The Criterion, Revista de Occidente, Antonio Marichalar, interwar Europe, E. R. Curtius, writing contest, periodical cooperation

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